• October 18, 2022

Bhartrihari Caves

Bhartrihari Caves

Bhartari Caves situated above the bank of the Shipra near the Gadkalika Temple in Ujjain. According to popular tradition, these caves are believed to be the place where the great Sanskrit poet Bhartrihari lived and meditated after renouncing worldly life. Bhartrihari, said to be the step-brother of Vikramaditya, is renowned as a great scholar and poet. His famous works, including Shringarshatak, Vairagyashatak, and Nitishatak, are known for their exquisite use of the Sanskrit meter.


Bhartṛhari, often referred to as Bhartrihari, was a renowned Sanskrit poet, philosopher, and a devotee of Lord Shiva. He is traditionally associated with the Nath sect. Bhartṛhari is credited with various works, including poetry, philosophy, and grammar. His notable works include Shringarshatak, Vairagyashatak, and Nitishatak, which explore themes of love, detachment, and ethics.

The connection between Bhartṛhari and the Nath sect is often attributed to his spiritual journey and association with yogic practices. Legend has it that Bhartṛhari renounced worldly life and meditated in the Bhartari Caves near the Shipra River in Ujjain, which is considered a sacred spot associated with the Nath tradition.

The Nath sect has played a significant role in the development of yoga and spiritual philosophy in India, and figures like Matsyendranath and Gorakshanath are revered as influential spiritual masters in this tradition.